【每日一练】2017考研英语模拟试题及答案解析(11.7)

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  为了帮助考生备考2017年在职考研,新阳光教育考研网特意推出了2017在职考研模拟试题每日一练,供大家备考练习,如下。

  2017在职考研英语模拟试题:

  Directions:Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered black and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

  Most people who travel long distance complain of jetlag. Jetlag makes business travelers less productive and more prone 1 making mistakes. It is actually caused by 2 of your "body clock"—a small cluster of brain cells that controls the timing of biological 3 . The body clock is designed for a 4 rhythm of daylight and darkness, so that it is thrown out of balance when it 5 daylight and darkness at the "wrong" times in a new time zone. The 6 of jetlag often persist for days 7 the internal body clock slowly adjusts to the new time zone.

  Now a new anti-jetlag system is 8 that is based on proven 9 pioneering scientific research. Dr. Martin Moore Ede had 10 a practical strategy to adjust the body clock much sooner to the new time zone 11 controlled exposure to bright light. The time zone shift is easy to accomplish and eliminates 12 of the discomfort of jetlag.

  A successful time zone shift depends on knowing the exact times to either 13 or avoid bright light. Exposure to light at the wrong time can actually make jetlag worse. The proper schedule 14 light exposure depends a great deal on 15 travel plans.

  Data on a specific flight itinerary and the individual's sleep 16 are used to produce a Trip Guide with 17 on exactly when to be exposed to bright light.

  When the Trip Guide calls 18 bright light you should spend time outdoors if possible. If it is dark outside, or the weather is bad, 19 you are on an aeroplane, you can use a special light device to provide the necessary light 20 for a range of activities such as reading, watching TV or working.

  1. A. to B. of C. for D. from

  2. A. eruption B. disruption C. rupture D. corruption

  3. A. actions B. behavior C. functions D. reflection

  4. A. formal B. regular C. continual D. circular

  5. A. experiences B. possesses C. encounters D. retains

  6. A. signs B. defects C. diseases D. symptoms

  7. A. if B. whereas C. while D. although

  8. A. available B. agreeable C. adaptable D. approachable

  9. A. extensive B. tentative C. broad D. inclusive

  10. A. devised B. scrutinized C. visualized D. recognized

  11. A. in B. as C. at D. through

  12. A. more B. little C. most D. least

  13. A. shed B. retrieve C. attain D. seek

  14. A. in B. for C. on D. with

  15. A. specific B. complicated C. unique D. peculiar

  16. A. mode B. style C. norm D. pattern

  17. A. directories B. commentaries C. instructions D. specifications

  18. A. up B. off C. on D. for

  19. A. or B. but C. and D. while

  20. A. spur B. stimulus C. agitation D. acceleration

  2017在职考研英语模拟试题参考答案与解析:

  1. A. to

  这是一道短语固定搭配题。词组be prone to (do) sth.的含义是“有……的倾向,易于……”。例如:This part of the road is prone to accidents.这段道路容易出事故。

  2. B. disruption

  A 项eruption 的意思是“(火山)喷发,出疹子”。B 项disruption 意为“破坏,混乱”;C 项rupture 意为“破裂,裂 开”;D 项corruption 含义为“腐败”。原句意为“这实际上是由你体内生物钟紊乱造成的”。

  3. C. functions

  原句意为:“生物钟是指控制生理功能时间的脑细胞群。”A 项action 为“行为,行动”,通常指具体的“作为”。B 项function 可以指 人体,或者是机器的“运转,发挥功效”。C 项behavior 为“举止,行为”,侧重于人们行事的方式。D 项reflection 意为“反射,沉思”,显 然和本句意思不符。

  4. B. regular

  原句意为“体内的生物钟是根据日夜规律的交替而设计的”。A 项formal:形式的;正式的。B 项continual:持续的,不断的。D 项 circular:圆形的,循环的。用来形容日夜交替的rhythm(节律)的自然是C 项最合适。

  5. C. encounters

  原句意为:“它(生物钟)到了一个新的时区,经历了时间错乱的白天和黑夜,就会失去平衡。”其中A 项experiences 侧重于“主观的经历 和感受”,主语多为人。B 项possess“拥有”和D 项retain“保留,保持”放在上下文中都不通。

  6. D. symptoms

  “因跨越时区而导致的不适症状通常会持续数天”。首先,这种不适并不属于疾病的范畴,因此C 项可以排除。A 项sign 意为“标志”,“迹象,征 兆”。例如:There are no signs of life about the house.这房子没有有人住的迹象。B 项defect 通常指事物“固有的”、“先天的”缺陷。例如:heart defects 就是指先天的心脏缺损。只有D 项symptoms“症状”最符合原文。

  7. C. while

  文中该处的意思是“时差反应的症状常常会持续数天,在这期间,体内的生物钟也在慢慢适应新的时区”。可以看出,其中两个分句的动作是同时进行 的。因此应选C 项while“当……的时候”。

  8 .A. available

  原文意为“现在有了一种新的防止时差反应的方法”。B 项available“可用的,有效的”是惟一符合上下文的选项。A 项agreeable “令人愉快的,惬意的”;C 项adaptable“适应性强的”;D 项approachable“可接近的,平易近人的”,均不符合题意。

  9. B. tentative

  首先可以排除C 项和D 项。因为broad 侧重“宽阔的”,“概括的”,inclusive 意为“包括的”,用来修饰pioneering scientific research 显然都不合适。此外我们注意到,extensive 意为“广泛的,大量的”,显然和文中所给出的pioneering“前卫的,创新的” 不符合。因此只有B 项tentative“试探的,实验性的”和上下文最

 
 
 
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