【每日一练】2017考研英语模拟试题及答案解析(11.1)

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  为了帮助考生备考2017年在职考研,新阳光教育考研网特意推出了2017在职考研模拟试题每日一练,供大家备考练习,如下。

  2017在职考研英语模拟试题:

  Directions:Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWERSHEET 1. (10 points)

  America's Federal Reserve cut interest rates by another quarter-point, to 3.75%. Wall Street, which had been _1_ —for a sixth half-point cut, was disappointed. The Dow fell by 2% _2_the week. The past week's economic statistics gave mixed signals. Exports dropped by 2% in both March and April, largely _3_a decline in high-tech investment _4_; the merchandise-trade _5_widened to $458 billion in the 12 months _6_ April. _7_ , The Conference Board's index of consumer confidence was higher than _8_ in June.

  Concerns _9_ inflation in the euro area _10_ . Preliminary data _11_ that German consumer-price inflation fell to 3.1% in the year to June, from 3.5% in May; wage growth _12_ to 1.4% in April, a real pay cut of 1.5%. Some economists fear that Germany is on the _13_ of recession. The IFO index of business confidence ropped more _14_ than expected in May, and the institute has cut its forecast of GDP _15_ this year to only 1.2%, well _16_ the German government's forecast of 2%.

  The euro area's current-account deficit narrowed to $30 billion in the 12 months to April. Britain's deficit in the first quarter was its smallest _17_ 1998, _18_ record investment income.There was more bad news from Japan, _19_ retail sales in large stores fell by 3.2% in May, the 37th consecutive monthly fall. The yen fell _20_ the dollar, touching almost Yen 125 On one point.

  1. A. expecting B. hoping C. wishing D. dreaming

  2. A. in B. above C. during D. about

  3. A. because of B. since C. because D. thanks to

  4. A. at home B. home C. from abroad D. abroad

  5. A. deficit B. shortage C. scarcity D. shortfall

  6. A. to B. until C. up D. onto

  7. A. Although B. Therefore C. However D. Hence

  8. A. projected B. planned C. predicted D. expected

  9. A. on B. for C. of D. over

  10. A. stopped B. eased C. relieved D. improved

  11. A. showed B. demonstrated C. illustrated D. explained

  12. A. reduced B. cut C. slow D. lessened

  13. A. edge B. rim C. lip D. brink

  14. A. harshly B. huskily C. strictly D. severely

  15. A. growth B. rise C. increase D. escalation

  16. A. above B. below C. high D. low

  17. A. after B. since C. until D. towards

  18. A. owe to B. because of C. on account of D. thanks to

  19. A. where B. which C. what D. who

  20. A. in opposition to B. opposed to C. against D. versus

  2017在职考研英语模拟试题参考答案与解析:

  1. B 本来期望出现第六次 0.5%。本题测试点为动词词义辨析。四个词都有“希望”的意思,但其程度及用法不同。A“希望,期待”,后面不用加介词;C“很难达到的希望”;D“梦想”。根据句意,B 最恰当。

  2. C 道琼斯指数一周内跌了 2%。本师测试点介词用法。A、B、C 都有“在……之内”的意思,但这里更强调“一整周”,所以 C 更恰当。

  3. A 主要因为国外高科技投资下降。本题测试点为介词短语辨析。四个选项都有“因为”的意思,但侧重点不同。A 侧重表示好的原因,而句中是不好的原因。故选 A。

  4. D 见 3。本题测试形容词用法和上下文理解。根据上文可知,该句是关于出口方面的,所以排除 A、B ,而 C 意为“从海外”,故选 D。

  5. A 到四月份,一年中商品贸易逆差扩大到 4,580 亿。本题测试点为贸易固定词语和词义辨析。四个选项都有“短缺”的含义,但 trade deficit 是常见贸易词语,表示“贸易逆差”,故选 A。

  6. A 见 5。本题测试点为介词用法。A“到…”;B“直到…”;C“在…之上”,up to 有“到…”的含义 ;D“在…上面”;根据句意,应该选 A。

  7. C 然而,六月份经济咨商局消费者信心指数却比预期要高。本题测试点为上下文理解和转折连词用法 。因为本句的情况和前面描述的情况相反,所以应用转折连词。A“虽然”,引导的就应是转折的前半部分 ;C“但是”,引导的是转折的后半部分。故选 C。

  8. C 见 6。本题测试点为动词词义辨析。A“计划”;B“计划”;C“希望,预期”;D“预报”。因为经济形势不能计划,只能是估计或预测,故选 C。

  9. D 在欧洲,通货膨胀方面的忧虑减轻。本题测试点为和形容词搭配的介词用法。选项 B、D 都可以与 concerns 搭配,但意义不同,后面接的对象也不同。concern for 后面一般接人,表示"关心";concern over 后面一般接事物,表示“担忧”;故选 B。

  10. B 见 7。本题测试点为动词词义辨析。A“停止”;B“减轻”;C“减轻”;D“改善”。根据句意,B 、C 都符合,但 C 是及物动词,后面须加宾语,故选 B。

  11. A 初步数据显示,到七月份一年内德国消费者价格膨胀指数降到了 3.1%。本题测试点为动词词义辨析。A、B、C 都有“显示”的意思,但是有些区别。B 意为“表明”,C 意为“举例说明”,相比而言,A更符合句意,故选 A。

  12. A 四月份,工资涨幅降到 1.4%。本题测试点为动词词义辨析。四个选项都有“减小”的含义,但是有差异。B 本身无“减小”的意思,只有与 down 连用才可表“减少,下降”;C 是“慢下来,减速”的意思;D 一般不用来形容涨幅“减小”;故选 A。

  13. D 一些经济学家担心德国处于经济衰退的边缘。本题测试点为固定搭配。on the brink of 意为“在…的边缘”,所以应选 D。

  14. A 五月份德国商业信心企业环境指数大幅下降。本题测试点为副词词义辨析。A“急剧地”;B “刺耳地”;C“严厉地”D“严格地”。根据句意,应选 A。

  15. A 该协会已经将今年的国民生产总值降到了 1.2%。本题测试点为名词词义辨析和常用词汇搭配。国民生产总值增长应该用 growth,故选 A。

  16. B 比德国政府预计的 2%低了许多。本题测试点为上下文理解和词义辨析。由句子结构可以推断应填介词,

 
 
 
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